Sunday, Monday, Tuesday… so what are they called in Hebrew? Here you can find the Hebrew days’ name and other phrases and facts about days in Hebrew.

A quick list of the Hebrew days of the week:

Day (English)    Name (Hebrew)    Pronunciation  
Sunday  ראשון Rishon
Monday      שני Sheni
Tuesday שלישי Shlishi
Wednesday  רביעי Revi’i
Thursday   חמישי Chamishi
Friday שישי Shishi
Saturday שבת Shabbat

 

Let’s go over a few facts regarding the Hebrew days of the week:

 

  1. The week begins on Sunday (not Monday)

According to the Jewish faith, the world was created in six days and the seventh and last day of the creation week was Saturday. For this reason, the Jewish week begins the day after Saturday (Shabbat), Sunday.

  1. Except Shabbat (Saturday), the Hebrew weekdays are named after their order

Yes, that’s right. Rishon (Sunday) is first, Sheni (Monday) is second, Shlishi (Tuesday) means the third and so on. However, Shabbat is special, the Hebrew word שבת (Shabbat) means stopped working or resting. As you probably know, according to the Book of Genesis, God created the world in six days and rested on the 7th day. For this reason, the seventh day is Shabbat, a day that forbids any work in it. There are many laws in the Jewish Bible, especially in the five books of Torah, regarding Shabbat, they focus on the best ways to observe Shabbat as the day of rest.

 

 

  1. The Jewish day begins after sunset and not at sunrise

In many parts of the world the day begins at sunrise. While it does make sense, this is not the case in traditional Judaism. There are a few places in the Bible that refers to the day as the period of time between one evening and the next one. To be exact, the start of the day begins after three stars come out.

It should be noted that in ancient times there were several cultures in the Near East in which the day began at night; one of them was the Babylonian. So this tradition is not solely Jewish.

  1. The word day is יום (Yom), and as in English, there are many phrases with the word Yom (day) in them. We wanted to share some of these phrases with you.

Calendar

Phrases with Hebrew Days in them

 

Phrase  Pronunciation English Meaning (literal translation)
יום טוב Yom Tov Holiday (good day)
עשה ימים כלילות Asa yamim Keleylot Worked hard (made days as nights)
שבע ימים Sva Yamim Old, aged (full of days)
בסופו של יום Besofo Shel Yom In the end of the day
באביב ימיו Beaviv Yamav Young man (spring of his days)
  יום-יומי Yom Yomi Casual (every day)
יום השנה ל Yom Hashana le Anniversary (day of the year for)
יום קטנות Yom Ktanot Everyday, not a holiday (small day)

 

Ivritalk - Hebrew days of the week

We’ll finish this list with two more expressions involving days:

יום העצמאות (Yom Ha’atzma’ut) is Independence Day in modern Israel. If you’ll use this phrase in Israel, people will think you mean the Israeli Independence Day. However, if you are referring to the 4th of July or other nation’s Independence Day it is customary to add the nation’s name to the expression. That means that the 4th of July is called in Hebrew Yom Ha’atzma’ut Ha-Americay (American Independence Day).

יום הזיכרון (Yom HaZikaron)is remembrance Day. In modern Israel there are two memorial days that are national memorial days: The Holocaust Memorial Day which actually named Holocaust and Heroism Remembrance Day and Memorial Day for the Fallen Soldiers of Israel and Victims of Terrorism. These two national remembrance days are held in consecutive weeks between the end of Passover and the Israeli Independence Day.

That’s all from us, have a great day!